Pancreatitis Practice Questions with Answers and NCLEX® Review

The pancreas is an organ that lies behind the lower part of the stomach near the intestines. It releases enzymes that help digest food and regulates blood glucose levels. Pancreatitis is a condition in which the pancreas becomes inflamed.

Pancreatitis Practice Questions with Answers and Practice Questions

{{question_current_index+1}}/{{question_max_index+1}} QUESTIONS

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
{{question_current_index+1}}/{{question_max_index+1}} QUESTIONS

play-sharp-fill

Overview

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec non tellus ut sem commodo blandit. Suspendisse nisi orci, pellentesque faucibus dolor ut, aliquam iaculis est.

Learning Outcomes

Sed at turpis sit amet urna malesuada fermentum. Nulla convallis vehicula lobortis. Quisque dictum mauris sed tincidunt congue. Duis finibus turpis massa, sit amet porttitor est dignissim vel. Integer rhoncus sollicitudin ligula, ut feugiat dolor interdum at. Nulla sit amet odio a erat ultricies vestibulum. Aliquam erat volutpat. Curabitur tristique metus sed dapibus fringilla. Sed hendrerit viverra leo, ut consectetur metus mollis vel. Morbi ultricies nibh eu bibendum dignissim.
Other
Students
0%
answered correctly
0%
answered wrongly

Rationales

0% answered this

Test Taking Tips

Table of contents

    Introduction to Pancreatitis

    Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that can worsen when food or drink is consumed. It can occur at any age, but it commonly occurs in adults between the ages of thirty and fifty-five. Common causes of pancreatitis include; gallstones, alcohol abuse, or certain medications. 

    There are two types of pancreatitis: acute and chronic.

    Acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly and can lead to organ failure if not treated quickly. It’s often caused by gallstones or heavy alcohol consumption. Still, it can also occur after surgery on the gallbladder or pancreas, as a side effect of medications like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or as a result of abdominal trauma.

    Chronic pancreatitis develops slowly over time and can be caused by diabetes, alcoholism, cystic fibrosis, inflammatory bowel disease, and autoimmune disorders (like lupus erythematosus).

    Pathophysiology of Pancreatitis

    The pancreas is a long, narrow gland located near the stomach that produces enzymes that help digest food, as well as hormones that help regulate blood sugar levels. The pancreas also contains ducts that release bicarbonate and digestive juices into the small intestine to help break down food.

    Pancreatitis occurs when digestive enzymes become activated while still in the pancreas, irritating the cells of your pancreas and causing inflammation. This activates neutrophils (white blood cells) to send harmful proteins to the pancreas. The inflammation and enzymes can begin to digest the pancreas (autodigestion).

    Signs and Symptoms of Pancreatitis

    • Epigastric pain
    • Left upper quadrant (LUQ) pain (radiating to the back)
    • Bruising
    • Turner’s & Cullen’s sign
    • Jaundice 
    • Hypotension

    Pancreatitis Causes

    • Alcohol abuse
    • Gallstones & gallbladder disease
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Certain medications 
    • Diabetes
    • Abdominal surgery
    • Smoking
    • Certain medications
    Are you
    preparing
    to take the
    NCLEX?

    Nursing Interventions for Pancreatitis

    Assist in NPO feeding.

    Perform insertion of a nasogastric tube (NGT) for suction.

    Administer prescribed IV pain meds, like Hydromorphone, as needed (no morphine).

    • Morphine is not used because it can exacerbate the disease with increased pancreatic neutrophil infiltration resulting in further necrosis.

    Monitor vital signs, including fluid intake and output, diet, pain levels, and glucose levels (hyperglycemia = insulin).

    Photo of Amy Stricklen
    Amy Stricklen
    “

    During my exam, I could literally see and hear him going over different areas as I was answering my questions.

    This past Friday I retook my Maternity Hesi and this time, I decided for my last week of Holiday break to just watch all of his OB videos. I am proud to say that with Mike’s help I received a score of 928 on my Maternity Hesi!

    Photo of Amy Stricklen
    Amy Stricklen

    Pancreatitis Conclusion

    Alcohol misuse, certain drugs, or conditions like gallstones can all lead to a painful condition in the pancreas called pancreatitis. There are two types of pancreatitis; acute and chronic.

    Prompt treatment is required in acute pancreatitis, as organ failure can occur. It is frequently brought on by gallstones or binge drinking, but it can also be brought on by abdominal trauma, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) side effects, surgery on the pancreas or gallbladder, or gallstones.

    Chronic pancreatitis is a slow-moving condition caused by autoimmune diseases, cystic fibrosis, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, and alcoholism (like lupus erythematosus).

    Sources

    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pancreatitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20360227 

    https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/pancreatitis 

    https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/pancreatitis/symptoms-causes 

    https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/8103-pancreatitis 

    Need help with your next exam? Our proven system has helped over 1,000,000 nursing students reduce their study time, survive their nursing school lectures and PASS their exams! SimpleNursing membership offers:

    • 1,100 fun and visual videos covering the most highly tested topics in RN/PN nursing programs
    • 900+ pages of cheat sheets & done-for-you study guides
    • Test tips and memory tricks included
    See how our members are
    earning a 96% pass rate.
    Get started now For Free