Why trust SimpleNursing

Nursing ADPIE: How To Serve Up Effective Client Care

Amanda Thomas Headshot
By Amanda Thomas | Published December 27th, 2023
Published December 27th, 2023 Medically Reviewed by: Karolyn Smith, MSN RN
Karolyn Smith, MSN RN
Medically Reviewed by:
Karolyn Smith, MSN RN
Young pretty female nurse in scrubs and a stethoscope attends to an ADPIE patient in an ICU bed.

Do you know the secret recipe for serving up Michelin-star-level client care?

All it takes is five simple ingredients: Assessment, Diagnosis, Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation (A Delicious PIE or ADPIE). Just like in a fine dining experience, nurses need these steps to give clients the adequate and safe service they deserve.

The nursing ADPIE process is always on the menu, and mastering it is essential for providing effective client care.

What is the nursing process? 

The nursing process, a systematic approach to client care, uses critical thinking and evidence-based practice recommendations to create a comprehensive care plan.

Each step builds upon the last, creating a continuous cycle of care that leads to better health outcomes.

The Nursing ADPIE Process

This mnemonic device, ADPIE, reminds nurses of the sequential nature of the nursing process and helps them remember the essential components of each step.

Here are the five steps in detail.

Assessment: Gather information and review history

Before providing care, nurses must gather information to understand the client’s health status, medical history, and needs.

Nurses collect two types of data during assessment: objective and subjective.

  • Objective data, like vital signs or physical exam findings, are measurable and observable.
  • Subjective data, like feelings or symptoms, comes from the client.

By collecting both types of data, nurses can better understand the client’s physical and emotional health status.

Assessment continues throughout the nursing process, as clients’ conditions can change over time. Collecting accurate and detailed information is crucial to provide the best care possible.

Diagnosis: Identify health problems and potential risks

Once nurses collect the assessment data, they can move on to identifying health problems and potential risks.

In this step, nurses use critical thinking skills to analyze the client’s data, identify patterns, and determine a nursing diagnosis. A nursing diagnosis differs from a medical one as it focuses on the client’s response to their health condition rather than the disease itself.

It helps nurses develop a personalized care plan addressing the client’s needs.

Some examples of nursing diagnoses include:

  • Impaired mobility
  • Ineffective airway clearance
  • Risk for infection

Planning: Develop a personalized care plan

After identifying the nursing diagnosis, nurses must develop a comprehensive, individualized care plan for clients.

The care plan includes specific goals and interventions to:

  • Address the client’s physiological and safety needs
  • Prevent complications
  • Promote healing

Nurses also involve clients in this process, considering their beliefs, goals, and preferences. The care plan is a dynamic document that nurses can adjust based on the client’s progress or changes in their condition.

Implementation: Put the care plan into action

With the care plan, nurses can implement interventions to promote healing and prevent complications.

This step involves carrying out nursing actions, such as:

  • Administering medications
  • Educating clients on self-care techniques
  • Performing treatments

Nurses also collaborate with other health care professionals to ensure they effectively implement all care plan aspects.

Evaluation: Measure the effectiveness of the care plan

The final step is evaluating the effectiveness of the care plan.

Nurses use critical thinking skills to assess if the nursing interventions have achieved their intended outcomes. If not, they may need to revise and modify the care plan accordingly.

This step is key in ensuring clients receive high-quality, individualized care that meets their needs and promotes optimal health outcomes.

4 tips for implementing ADPIE

Implementing ADPIE requires strong critical thinking skills and attention to detail.

Here are four tips to consider when implementing a personalized care plan:

  1. Stay organized. Keep a structured record of assessments and care plans for each client.
  2. Communication is key. Engage with clients, listen to their concerns, and explain the care plan in terms they understand.
  3. Think critically. Each step requires critical thinking and sound judgment.
  4. Be flexible. You may need to revise the care plan based on the client’s response to interventions.

Master ADPIE with SimpleNursing

Remember, a nurse’s role extends beyond just treating illnesses.

They’re an advocate, a counselor, and a pillar of support for clients. By understanding and using the ADPIE process, nurses can provide holistic and client-centered care that makes a difference.

Now that you know all the pieces that make up ADPIE, it’s time to put them into practice. SimpleNursing offers comprehensive study materials and resources to help you master the process.

Join us by signing up for a free trial today!

Want to ace Nursing School Exams & the NCLEX?

Make topics click with easy-to-understand videos & more. We've helped over 1,000,000 students & we can help you too.


Nursing students trust SimpleNursing

Simplenursing student
I cannot express enough gratitude for Nurse Mike and this wonderful platform he has created. I had a subscription to SimpleNursing the entire 2 years of my nursing school career and it was the best resource I had available to me. The visuals, the explanations, the memory tricks, the songs, the study guides, and the test questions are brilliant.
read more
Simplenursing student
Before starting nursing school, I was a C-average student. I didn't think I'd be competent enough and make it through my second semester. I was told about SimpleNursing and purchased it immediately. Long story short, I graduated nursing school with honors and passed all of my classes with As and Bs only. I would have never been able to do that without the help of SimpleNursing. Nurse Mike teaches in the only way that I am able to learn and I cannot thank him enough.
read more
Amanda Thomas Headshot

Education: Bachelor of Arts in Communications, University of Alabama

Amanda Thomas has over eight years of experience in the healthcare sector as a content writer, copywriter, and grant writer. She has worked with various medical organizations, including hospitals, mental health facilities, and nonprofits. Through her work, she has gained extensive knowledge about the healthcare industry and the role of written communication in improving client care. She’s particularly passionate about promoting mental health awareness. She earned a Bachelor of Arts in Communications from the University of Alabama with a major in Journalism and minors in Creative Writing and English.