Heart Failure
Cheat Sheet

A Few Facts About Heart Failure

Heart failure affects about 26 million people globally and is a leading cause of hospitalization.

For nursing students and practicing med-surg nurses, understanding the basics of heart failure is crucial.

Here are five key facts to keep in mind:

  1. Heart failure isn’t a disease itself but a clinical syndrome characterized by various symptoms that occur when the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the body’s demands.
  2. These symptoms include decreased exercise tolerance, fatigue, inadequate tissue perfusion, shortness of breath, and volume overload.
  3. Chronic CHF affects the left ventricle, right ventricle, or both. It usually affects the left ventricle first.
  4. Treatment options for CHF may include ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, and diuretics to improve the heart’s function. Surgery or a heart transplant may be necessary in severe cases.
  5. Clients with CHF require ongoing management, including monitoring symptoms, medication adherence, and lifestyle changes such as a low-sodium diet or regular exercise.

What’s Included in the Congestive Heart Failure Cheat Sheet?

Our cheat sheet covers everything you need to know about CHF in a clear and concise format.

Here’s what you can expect:

  • Pathophysiology: Understand the underlying mechanisms of CHF. Our cheat sheet breaks down the pathophysiology into easy-to-understand segments, helping you grasp how and why heart failure occurs.
  • Signs and Symptoms: Learn to identify the key signs and symptoms of heart failure, from the common to the less obvious. Knowing these will aid in early detection and intervention.
  • Causes: Discover the various causes of CHF. This section will help you understand what contributes to the development of heart failure.
  • Risk Factors: Identify the major risk factors associated with CHF. This knowledge is crucial for client education and preventive care.
  • Diagnostic Tests: Get familiar with the diagnostic tests used to confirm CHF. Our cheat sheet includes memory tricks to help you remember key information.
  • Common Exam Questions: Prepare for your exams with confidence. We’ve included some of the most commonly asked questions on CHF to help you test your knowledge and readiness.
  • Priority Interventions: Learn the priority nursing interventions for managing clients with heart failure. This section focuses on what nurses need to do during a pulmonary edema crisis.

Now that you know what’s in our cheat sheet, it’s time to start learning!

Download now so you have a copy handy for quick and easy reference.

Check Out Our Free Congestive Heart Failure Video Resource

In addition to our cheat sheet, we offer a free video resource on CHF.


This animated video includes memory tricks and mnemonics to enhance your learning experience.


Get access to the video now.