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Pharmacology 101: The Role of Calcium Channel Blockers in Heart Failure and MI

Heart failure is a condition that is identified as the heart’s inefficiency to pump blood supply to various areas of the body adequately. If there is an insufficient flow of blood, all primary functions of the body are disrupted. While there are instances wherein pumping difficulties cause the heart failure, other patients suffer due to [...]

By | 2018-11-28T05:17:49+00:00 November 28th, 2018|Pharmacology|0 Comments

Antihistamine Pharmacology

Antihistamines are types of drugs that nurses usually encounter on a daily basis; these drugs are also available over-the-counter in various pharmacies worldwide. Before going into what antihistamines are, we must first understand what these drugs are blocking and how they affect the body. In this lecture you can expect the following topics to be [...]

By | 2018-11-26T05:22:13+00:00 November 26th, 2018|Pharmacology|0 Comments

Emergency Pharmacology: A Highlight on Vasopressors (Dopamine)

Vasopressors are life-saving drugs that are commonly seen in an emergency setting. But what are vasopressors, and what are their mechanisms of action? Vasopressors Defined Vasopressors are types of medications that exert pressure on the veins, on the vascular beds to promote vasoconstriction. When this happens, there is an increase in blood flow to the [...]

By | 2018-11-22T23:09:04+00:00 November 23rd, 2018|Pharmacology|0 Comments

Antibiotics 101: What are Fluoroquinolones?

Fluoroquinolones is a type of antibiotics that are given to treat some illnesses related to the respiratory and the urinary tract system. In this lecture, we’ll be delving deeper into what fluoroquinolones are, how nurses can easily remember these drugs, and what to watch-out-for when giving the medications. Let’s get right into it. Cipro de [...]

By | 2018-11-21T02:51:50+00:00 November 21st, 2018|Pharmacology|0 Comments

Opioid Analgesia Overview: What is Vicodin?

Vicodin is an opioid analgesic commonly used for severe pain. Vicodin is a popular drug that is usually abused in various settings, mostly by people who have been subjected to chronic pain. Opioid analgesic is Vicodin’s category due to its affectation on the opioid receptors in the brain. Vicodin and CNS The central nervous system [...]

By | 2018-11-11T01:21:45+00:00 November 12th, 2018|Pharmacology|Comments Off on Opioid Analgesia Overview: What is Vicodin?

Antihypertensives: Beta Blockers Part 3

After going through the different kinds of volume depletion drugs, we’ll be discussing what beta-blockers are. Beta-blockers are commonly given to hypertensive patients to manipulate the conduction system of the heart. Decreasing Blood Pressure There are a couple of ways to lower blood pressure. First is taking off the workload by decreasing the fluid volume, [...]

By | 2018-11-09T06:19:40+00:00 November 9th, 2018|Pharmacology|Comments Off on Antihypertensives: Beta Blockers Part 3

Respiratory Pharmacology: Corticosteroids and Solu-Medrol

In this respiratory pharmacology review, we will be going into corticosteroids like methylprednisolone and prednisone. Definition Corticosteroids bring down inflammatory response that can be caused by numerous health issues. Anytime the body is ill or diseased there will be increased inflammation, which will result in decreased perfusion. Other than that, corticosteroids also reduce allergic reactions [...]

By | 2018-10-29T03:54:11+00:00 October 29th, 2018|Pharmacology, Uncategorized|Comments Off on Respiratory Pharmacology: Corticosteroids and Solu-Medrol

Nervous System Anatomy and Physiology: Pharmacologic Reactions

This lecture is a continuation of our previous nervous system’s anatomy and physiology. In this piece, we will go through the involvement of sympathomimetic and parasympathomimetic drugs to the peripheral nervous system. As a quick review, the nervous system is primarily composed of the following: Central nervous system (CNS) Peripheral nervous system (PNS) The peripheral [...]

By | 2018-10-22T05:22:00+00:00 October 22nd, 2018|Pharmacology|Comments Off on Nervous System Anatomy and Physiology: Pharmacologic Reactions

Respiratory Pharmacology Review Part 3: Effects of Methylxanthines

Theophylline, the well-known methylxanthine drug, is going to be discussed in this article along with its effects on the body and adverse reactions. What are Methylxanthines? Methylxanthines are drugs used to treat lung conditions such as COPD and asthma by controlling the wheezing and preventing difficulty of breathing. Theophylline helps to relax smooth muscles, widening [...]

By | 2018-10-08T03:50:48+00:00 October 8th, 2018|Pharmacology|Comments Off on Respiratory Pharmacology Review Part 3: Effects of Methylxanthines

NSAIDs Pharmacology: An Analgesics Review

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs are pain medications that bring down any inflammation inside the body without affecting the adrenal glands. In this lecture, we’ll go through the following: How inflammation is formed The common types of NSAIDs How NSAIDs work The antipyretic property of NSAIDs So, let’s get right to it. Pathophysiology When the [...]

By | 2018-10-03T03:18:11+00:00 October 3rd, 2018|Pharmacology|Comments Off on NSAIDs Pharmacology: An Analgesics Review