Bacterial Meningitis Precautions to Remember

SimpleNursing Editorial Team May 11, 2023
Modern nurse wearing protective suit giving injection to mature woman lying on bed in hospital ward. Treating Senior Patient With Injection.

Bacterial meningitis is a serious infection that can cause inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It’s caused by several different types of bacteria, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, and Haemophilus influenzae. While the infection is relatively rare, it can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.

Being well-informed about bacterial meningitis and its prevention is important as a nursing student. Taking proper precautions can help protect your patients and prevent the spread of this dangerous infection.

Patient Care for Bacterial Meningitis

As a nursing student, knowing how to prevent the spread of bacterial meningitis in your patients is important. The following are some steps you can take to help protect your patients from this infection:

  • Isolate the patient. If a patient is diagnosed with bacterial meningitis, they should be isolated to prevent the spread of the infection to other patients. Follow isolation protocols and use appropriate precautions when caring for the patient.
  • Educate patients and families. The signs and symptoms of bacterial meningitis, and encourage them to seek medical attention if they develop any of these symptoms.

Studying for the NCLEX? Read our Meningitis NCLEX Review here.

Bacterial Meningitis Precautions

It’s important to follow strict infection control protocols to prevent the spread of bacterial meningitis in healthcare settings. Some of the key precautions include:

  • Hand hygiene: Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer before and after patient care.
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE): Bacterial meningitis requires droplet precautions. Use appropriate PPE, and utilize gloves, gown, mask, and eye protection, when caring for patients with suspected or confirmed bacterial meningitis.
  • Isolation precautions: Droplet precautions are used to prevent the spread of pathogens that are passed through respiratory secretions during talking, coughing, and sneezing. The droplets are large particles that travel about three feet through the air.
  • Environmental cleaning: Clean and disinfect surfaces and equipment in patient care areas to prevent the spread of bacteria.
  • Vaccination: Get vaccinated against bacterial meningitis and to promote vaccination to patients and their families.
  • Surveillance and reporting: Be vigilant for signs and symptoms of bacterial meningitis and to report any suspected cases to the appropriate authorities for prompt diagnosis and treatment.

Learn More in Less Time

A comprehensive study tool can help you master nursing material quickly and easily. SimpleNursing is a solution that includes interactive lessons, practice quizzes, and flashcards that cover everything you need to know about bacterial meningitis precautions and other important nursing topics.

Our adaptive learning technology helps you focus on the areas where you need the most help, so you can learn more efficiently and effectively.

Sign up today and start learning with more engaging content.

Want to ace Nursing School Exams & the NCLEX?

Make topics click with easy-to-understand videos & more. We've helped over 1,000,000 students & we can help you too.


Nursing students trust SimpleNursing

Simplenursing student
I cannot express enough gratitude for Nurse Mike and this wonderful platform he has created. I had a subscription to SimpleNursing the entire 2 years of my nursing school career and it was the best resource I had available to me. The visuals, the explanations, the memory tricks, the songs, the study guides, and the test questions are brilliant.
read more
Simplenursing student
Before starting nursing school, I was a C-average student. I didn't think I'd be competent enough and make it through my second semester. I was told about SimpleNursing and purchased it immediately. Long story short, I graduated nursing school with honors and passed all of my classes with As and Bs only. I would have never been able to do that without the help of SimpleNursing. Nurse Mike teaches in the only way that I am able to learn and I cannot thank him enough.
read more