70 Care Plans – Done For You!

Contents
NEURO: CNS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….7
Alzheimer’s disease………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
PLAN OF CARE: Safety/ LOC/ stress free ………………………………………………………………7
Path physiology ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..7
Brain Tumors …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8
Path physiology ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..9
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) …………………………………………………………………………….. 10
PLAN OF CARE: neuro checks, pain Manage, decrease ICP, monitor RR, …….. 10
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 10
Epilepsy ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12
Head Injury…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 15
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 15
Traumatic Brain Injury…………………………………………………………………………………………… 15
Acquired Brain Injury ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 15
Multiple Sclerosis………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 17
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 17
Meningitis …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 19
Parkinson’s Disease…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 20
Seizures ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 23
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 23
Spinal Cord Injury ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 26
NEURO: PNS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 27
Guillain-Barre Syndrome………………………………………………………………………………………….. 27
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 27
Myasthenia Gravis……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 29
Gastro Intestinal (Upper)………………………………………………………………………………………….. 30
Esophageal Disorders……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 30
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 30
Gastritis……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 32
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
Gastroesphageal Reflux Disease (GERD)……………………………………………………………….. 33
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 33
Hiatial Hernia……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 35
Peptic Ulcer Disease …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
Gastro Intestinal (Lower)………………………………………………………………………………………….. 39
Appendicitis……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 39
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39
Small Bowel Obstruction (SBO) ………………………………………………………………………………. 41
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 41
Constipation ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 42
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 42
Causes of constipation: ………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
Hernia………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 44
Symptoms of a hiatal hernia ……………………………………………………………………………….. 44
Symptoms of inguinal and femoral hernias ……………………………………………………… 44
Symptoms of an umbilical hernia ………………………………………………………………………. 45
Symptoms of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia……………………………………………. 45
Paralytic Illius……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 45
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 46
Causes of paralytic ileus ………………………………………………………………………………………. 46
Ishemic Bowel ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 47
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 47
Volvulus………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 49
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 49
Diverticulitis ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 50
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 50
Resection of Intestines……………………………………………………………………………………………… 52
Description…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 52
Why the Procedure is Performed……………………………………………………………………………. 53
Risks…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 53
Inflammatory Bowel Disease …………………………………………………………………………………… 53
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 53
Colorectal Cancer………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55
Dukes’s Classification of Colorectal Cancer………………………………………………………. 56
Orthopedics (BONES)…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 57
Hip Fracture ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 57
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 57
Total Knee Replacement (TKR)………………………………………………………………………………… 59
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 59
Long Bone Injury……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 59
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 59
Osteoarthritis (OA) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 62
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 62
Etiology And Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………. 62
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)………………………………………………………………………………………… 64
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 64
Gout…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 65
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 65
Vascular Disorders………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)……………………………………………………………………………… 67
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
Peripheral Vein Disease (PVD) ………………………………………………………………………………… 67
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
Aneurysms………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 68
I. Aortic Aneurysms:………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
II. Cerebral Aneurysm: Signs and symptoms of cerebral aneurysm are:………. 69
III. Peripheral Aneurysm: Signs and symptoms of peripheral aneurysm are as
follows: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
Respiratory……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
Bronchial Asthma………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
Bronchitis ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)………………………………………………… 72
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 72
Emphysemia……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 74
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 74
Hemothorax ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 75
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 75
Pneumonia …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 77
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 77
Pneumothorax……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 80
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 80
Pulmonary Embolism ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 81
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 81
Respiratory Failure…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 84
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 84
Tuberculosis (TB)……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 85
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 85
Upper Respiratory Infection (URI ) ………………………………………………………………………… 86
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 86
CARDIAC (HEART)………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 87
Angina…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 87
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 87
Arrhythmias………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 89
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 89
Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS …………………………………………………………………………….. 90
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 90
Atrial Fibrillation (AFIB) …………………………………………………………………………………………… 92
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 92
Cardiogenic Shock…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 93
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 93
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)…………………………………………………………………….. 95
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 95
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) ……………………………………………………………………………… 96
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 96
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)……………………………………………………………………………….. 98
Pathophysiology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 98
Hypertension (HTN)………………………………………………………………………………………………..101
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..101
Central Nervous System ……………………………………………………………………………………..101
Cardiovascular System ………………………………………………………………………………………..101
Renal System…………………………………………………………………………………………………………101
Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone system…………………………………………………………..101
Hyperlipidemia (high cholestrol) …………………………………………………………………………..103
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..103
Myocardial Infarction ……………………………………………………………………………………………..103
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..103
Pulmonary Edema…………………………………………………………………………………………………….105
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..105
Valvular Heart Diseas ………………………………………………………………………………………………106
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..106
Endocrine……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..108
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1…………………………………………………………………………………………108
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..108
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2…………………………………………………………………………………………110
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..110
Hyperglycemia………………………………………………………………………………………………………….111
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..111
Hypoglycemia …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..114
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..114
Diabetic Ketone Acidosis (DKA) …………………………………………………………………………….117
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..117
Gallbladder, Liver & Appendix………………………………………………………………………………117
Appendicitis………………………………………………………………………………………………………………118
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..118
Cholecystitis………………………………………………………………………………………………………………119
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..119
Acute Cholecystitis Pathophysiology …………………………………………………………119
Acalculous Cholecystitis Pathophysiology ………………………………………………..119
Hepatitis …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….121
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..121
Pancreatitis………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..123
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..123
Kidney (RENAL)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………124
ARF (Acute Renal Failure)………………………………………………………………………………………..124
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..124
The clinical course of ARF is characterized by the following three phases: .125
Phase 1. Onset………………………………………………………………………………………………………125
Phase 2. Maintenance ………………………………………………………………………………………….125
Phase 3. Recovery…………………………………………………………………………………………………125
CRF (Chronic Renal Failure)…………………………………………………………………………………….126
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..127
Nephrotic Syndrome ……………………………………………………………………………………………….130
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..130
Kindey Stone (Calculi) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..131
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..131
Glomerulonephritis ………………………………………………………………………………………………….133
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..133
Transurethral Resection of Prostate (TURP)…………………………………………………………134
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..134
UTI (urinary tract infection) …………………………………………………………………………………….136
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..136
Benign Prostate Hypertrophy (BPH) ……………………………………………………………………..138
Pathophysiology…………………………………………………………………………………………………..138