The 6 Rights of Medication Administration for Nurses

SimpleNursing Editorial Team Mar 1, 2023
Nurse giving pills knowing 6 rights of medication administration

Nurses minimize the risk of giving the wrong medication or dose to a patient, administering a medication by the wrong route or time, or failing to document the medication administration accurately by following the six rights of medication administration.

Jump to the 6 Rights

  1. Right Patient
  2. Right Drug
  3. Right Dosage
  4. Right Route
  5. Right Time
  6. Right Documentation

When you practice nursing, you need to know these rights of medication administration to ensure patient safety and prevent medication errors. Medication errors can have severe consequences for patients, ranging from mild side effects to life-threatening complications. 

Additionally, understanding the six rights of medication administration is crucial to nursing education and professional practice. Nurses must demonstrate competency in medication administration and adhere to the highest standards of patient care.

1. Right Patient: Identifying the Right Patient

Nurses must ensure that the medication is being given to the correct patient. This includes verifying the patient’s identity by checking their name, date of birth, or other identifiers.

2. Right Drug: Verifying the Right Medication

You have to make sure a patient is being given the correct medication that their health care provider has prescribed. Nurses should check the medication label and verify the name, dosage, and strength of the medication.

3. Right Dosage: Calculating the Right Dosage

When administering medication, the patient has to receive the correct dose as prescribed by the healthcare provider. The nurse should check the medication label and verify the prescribed dose.

4. Right Route: Checking the Right Route

A nurse must ensure that the medication is being given by the correct route, such as oral, intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous. The nurse should verify that the route is appropriate for the medication and the patient.

5. Right Time: Making Sure it’s the Right Time (for Administration)

Patients need medication from nurses at the correct time as the health care provider prescribes. The nurse should verify the frequency and timing of the medication.

6. Right Documentation: Recording the Right Information in Medical Documents

Nurses must ensure that patients’ medication administration is accurately documented in the patient’s medical records. This includes documenting the medication name, dose, route, time of administration, and any adverse reactions or side effects.

Pass Your Nursing School Classes with Less Stress

Medication administration is a fundamental nursing responsibility, and you must understand the principles and best practices of medication administration as a nursing student.

And medication administration isn’t the only nursing responsibility you’ll take on in the classroom or medical facilities. 

SimpleNursing offers easy-to-use tools to help nursing processes like medication administration click. 

Find out about one of the best nursing school resources here.

Want to ace Nursing School Exams & the NCLEX?

Make topics click with easy-to-understand videos & more. We've helped over 1,000,000 students & we can help you too.


Nursing students trust SimpleNursing

Simplenursing student
I cannot express enough gratitude for Nurse Mike and this wonderful platform he has created. I had a subscription to SimpleNursing the entire 2 years of my nursing school career and it was the best resource I had available to me. The visuals, the explanations, the memory tricks, the songs, the study guides, and the test questions are brilliant.
read more
Simplenursing student
Before starting nursing school, I was a C-average student. I didn't think I'd be competent enough and make it through my second semester. I was told about SimpleNursing and purchased it immediately. Long story short, I graduated nursing school with honors and passed all of my classes with As and Bs only. I would have never been able to do that without the help of SimpleNursing. Nurse Mike teaches in the only way that I am able to learn and I cannot thank him enough.
read more