Nursing Measurements Guide
A Guide to Deep Tendon Reflexes
Pharmacology is one of the most crucial parts of nursing – in the classroom and in real-life practice. It’s also one of the most difficult to memorize, which is where a nursing drugs card can come in handy.
When studying pharmacology, you need all the study tools you can get your hands on.
Jump to Sections
- Analgesics and Anti-Inflammatories
- Antidiabetics and Thyroid Drugs
- Cardiac Drugs and Antilipidemics
- Coagulation Modifiers
- Central Nervous System Drugs
- Respiratory Drugs
- Vitamins and Minerals
One helpful strategy is breaking pharmacology down into its classes and connecting each drug to real-life patient conditions.
Below are some of the most common drug classes with key medication names. And don’t miss our link below to our 150 Drug Card download, which is divided into generic, trade, classification, and dosages.
Analgesics and Anti-Inflammatories
Analgesics can dull the sensation of pain by inhibiting the transmission of pain impulses along primary afferents, and convincing your brain that there’s no need to feel any pain.
Anti-inflammatories inhibit the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX), which is required to convert arachidonic acid into thromboxanes, prostaglandins, and prostacyclins. Their therapeutic effects are attributed to their lack of eicosanoids.
Centrally-acting antihypertensives reduce the amount of adrenaline in the brain. Peripherally-acting antihypertensives work by either depleting catecholamines, or by stopping their release into the bloodstream.
Anti-infectives inhibit enzymatic processes necessary in the metabolic scheme of pathogenic organisms.
Antidiabetics and Thyroid Drugs
Antidiabetics reduce the production of glucose in the liver and intestines, and increase the uptake and utilization of glucose in the bloodstream.
Thyroid drugs inhibit thyroid hormone synthesis by competing for tyrosine residues of thyroglobulin with thyroid peroxidase (TPO), resulting in decreasing numbers of mono- and di-iodotyrosines.
Key thyroid drugs:
Cardiac Drugs and Antilipidemics
Cardiac drugs bind to calcium channel proteins in cell membranes and prevent calcium ions from entering the cell. The result is a smoother contraction rhythm, less work for the heart, and relaxed blood vessels.
Key cardiac drugs:
Antilipidemics activate the hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). These receptors regulate enzymes that synthesize and secrete lipids.
Coagulation Modifiers act in different places along the blood clotting pathway to prevent or promote clotting.
Key coagulation modifiers:
Central Nervous System Drugs
Central nervous system drugs increase the activity of GABA, a chemical that inhibits brain activity. This action causes drowsiness and a sense of calmness, making the drug effective for anxiety and sleep disorders.
Key central nervous system drugs:
Diuretics decrease the reabsorption of sodium at different sites in the nephron – and as a result, increase urinary sodium and water losses.
Respiratory drugs improve breathing by relaxing the smooth muscles of bronchial tubes and reducing mucus secretion.
Key respiratory drugs:
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients. Without them, the body wouldn’t be able to perform hundreds of biological functions.
Key vitamins and minerals:
- Vitamin D
Nursing Drugs Card Download
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